FUT (Follicle Unit Transplant)
FUT (Follicle Unit Transplant) surgery, also known as FUS/T (Follicle Unit Strip Transplant) is a procedure used to harvest a strip of hair follicles from the donor area at the back and sides of the head, allowing for sufficient hair follicles to be transplanted into the recipient area.
Follicle Unit Transplant surgery is considered one of the best methods to harvest grafts from the “heart” of the Safe Donor Area (SDA). Once the strip of skin has been harvested, the hair follicles are cut from the tissue strip under stereo-microscopic vision and then transplanted into the recipient area into the recipient sites.
Follicle Unit Transplant - Donor Area Healing
The incision made to harvest the strip of skin will ultimately leave a linear scar. This should not be of great concern, as the scar will be very thin and hair growth surrounding the scar will cover the area sufficiently. By doing a Trichophytic closure, the lower edge of the Follicle Unit Transplant wound is bevelled and this allows hair shafts to grow through the scar and thereby providing added camouflaging of the scar. Therefore the scar will almost not be visible when the hair is combed open around the scar and it will certainly not be visible once the hair returns to its usual length and hangs over the scar area.
FUT vs FUE
The other harvesting method used by Dr Andre Nel is called FUE (Follicle Unit Excision), and can be used as a stand-alone method or in combination with Follicle Unit Transplant surgery, depending on the individual case. Follicle Unit Excision involves the harvesting of single hair follicles, by means of a sharp rotor punch instrument, after which the individual follicles are then transplanted into the recipient area. The fundamental difference between FUE and FUT is with FUE the follicles are harvested one-by-one as they are extracted from the scalp skin and with FUT a strip of tissue measuring 1cm by 26cm is removed via surgical excision from the donor area, then individual follicles are cut from the tissue strip using stereomicroscopic vision. The FUT wound is then sutured closed and a linear scar remains.
Combined FUE & FUS/T
Learn more about combination FUT/FUE harvesting: